1.1. — 31.12.2022
Ústí nad Orlicí
Ústí nad Orlicí is a district town in the Podorlicko region in a charming valley at the confluence of the Tichá Orlice and Třebovka rivers. It lies at an altitude of 350 m, 150 km east of Prague. Today, 14 200 inhabitants live here. The origins of the town date back to the second half of the 13th century, when the old Slavic settlement of "Oustí" began to grow during the reign of Přemysl Otakar II. Its beautiful historical centre with an almost regular square square with arcades and typical old houses has been a town conservation area since 1991.
In the past, the vast majority of the inhabitants lived by farming and home weaving. The boom of factory textile and engineering production took place in the middle of the 19th century in connection with the construction of the Olomouc - Prague railway. These factors influenced the life of the town to such an extent that they even earned it the name 'East Bohemian Manchester'.